You may want to start your own orchard with a few plants at a time, and need to be inexpensive and have reliable results – or you may want to grow multiple trees for cross-pollination, which is recommended for higher yields.
Propagating Pomegranate at home is fairly easy, and there are several methods at your disposal. In this guide, we’ll go over your options and explain the necessary steps to get started.
Rooting Cuttings Pomegranate Trees And Grow
If you want to make sure that your new pomegranate plant will grow like the mother plant, it is best to use a pomegranate plug for propagation. Cuttings are exactly what they sound like: fragments of branches cut from a living tree and rooted in water or potting soil.
Pomegranate cuttings are easiest to propagate using hardwood cuttings. These are branching tips to take in winter rather than spring. They are last year’s growth, not brand new or soft growth, so no spraying is required. Cut 8-inch cuttings from pencil-diameter branches in January or February. Cut just below the bud knot.
How to Rooting Cuttings Pomegranate Trees
How to Root a Pomegranate Tree Growing a pomegranate tree from cuttings requires hardwood pruning at a convenient time. You should pick pomegranate tree cuttings in late winter. Each cut should be about 10 inches long and come from annual wood that is ¼ to ½ inch in diameter. Immediately after removing the slices, immerse the cut end of each pomegranate tree slice in commercially available growth hormone. You can root in the greenhouse before planting. Alternatively, you can plant the cuttings directly in the final location. If planting cuttings outdoors, choose fertile soil with full sun and good drainage. Glue the bottom of each cut into the tilled soil. Arrange the cut height so that the top knot is away from the ground. When propagating multiple pomegranate trees, not just one tree, place cuttings at least 3 feet apart if you want to grow shrubs. If you plan to plant cuttings as trees, plant them 18 feet or more
Plants and Care Pomegranate Trees From rooting cuttings
For many growers, pomegranates are just a lesson in microclimate and varietal selection. If you live in zone 7b or below, look for hardy strains such as “Haku Botan” or “Salavatski”. Some hardy strains can reportedly withstand temperatures as low as minus 6 degrees Fahrenheit. While most pomegranates can withstand temperatures in excess of 118 degrees, some varieties are adversely affected by humidity, a factor that hinders commercial production in the southern United States. If you live in a particularly humid climate, choose plants that are bred for resistance, such as ‘Salavatski.
Plants and Care
Plan to grow pomegranates in full sun. If you’re in a cooler area, you’ll be most successful at creating a microclimate for your plants by placing them near walls or buildings. Alternatively, pomegranates can be grown in a large pot and brought indoors during the winter. Pomegranates grow naturally as shrubs, but can be pruned into single-stemmed trees if desired. Both forms are attractive, so the planning of the landscape design is worthwhile.
Once you’ve chosen a location, dig a hole about three times the size of the plant, about 2 to 3 feet in diameter and 1 to 2 feet deep. Add a mixture of fertilizer, mulch, or compost to improve the soil, watering gradually as the hole is filled. Water and fertilizer can have a dramatic effect on the early growth of a new plant, stimulating it to bear fruit years earlier than otherwise.
Pomegranates tolerate a wide range of soil pH, but prefer a pH between 5.5 and 7.2. For best results, fertilize with compost or fertilizer once a year in the fall or winter. Heavy monthly fertilization can also help plants that have died recover more quickly. However, avoid stimulating plants in cooler regions after August, or they may continue to grow if they should go dormant, which is essential for winter survival.
Aside from the fact that specimens grown as single-stemmed trees require annual removal of suckers, pomegranates require very little care beyond removing dead or difficult-to-handle wood. General pruning should be done judiciously to increase fruit productivity to maintain a graceful weeping shape. Carefully prune in zone 7b and below, being careful to leave most of the new base growth for survival and fruit production the following winter.
Pomegranates will bear fruit in less than ideal conditions, but like most plants, they respond best in ideal conditions. In zones 8b to 10, with proper care, they can bloom and bear fruit several times a year.
Wait until the seedlings are about 1/4 inch thick before grafting; seedlings reach this size between six months and two years after they start growing. Experts at the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences recommend grafting in warm weather. Take a seedling from an old tree, called a “sprout,” and graft it directly onto the trunk or branch of a seedling called a “rootstock.” Various types of grafting, including veneer, shield, patch and root grafting work for mango trees. Many American gardeners use veneer trimming, a technique in which the gardener cuts the tapered end from the scion, removes the wedge from the stem of the rootstock to fit the tapered scion edge, then uses tape to secure the cut to the rootstock, wrap it in wax and seal.
Transplanting Potted Nursery Saplings and Bare Root Plants
Seed extraction and preparation. Remember: the seed is the whole unit taken from the fruit. It consists of embryos and arils. So should the arils be removed?
Freshly extracted seeds can be sown, but germination rates may be lower than those treated below.
Remove the aril. Simply roll the seeds in a paper towel to break the aril and absorb the liquid. Rinse seeds thoroughly.
Dry the seeds for 30 minutes to an hour or two or more.
Store in the refrigerator for several weeks before planting.
Seeds that were washed, dried, and stored were apparently more likely to germinate because the combined effect of these treatments was to remove germination inhibitors and possibly satisfy dormant conditions.
Seeds will germinate well in almost any common potting soil as long as the seeds are kept moist and warm after planting. Sow the seeds about ½ to 1 inch deep.
Warm temperatures (75 to 85°F) are important for germination.
It may be beneficial to treat the seeds before sowing. We are currently experimenting with an idea presented to us by a colleague who pollinated freshly extracted seeds using a commercial rooting enhancer product commonly found in home and garden stores. It may be important that the product contains at least 1000 ppm of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Additionally, spraying seeds with fungicides such as Banrot® WP can help prevent losses during storage and germination.
Transplant seedlings when they are about 4 to 6 inches tall.
Expectation: According to the experience of pomegranate planting, the seedlings will bloom within one year and will bloom around the next year.
cutting. It is generally recommended to harvest cuttings when the plant is dormant (i.e. winter). Our experience with commercial fog bed spreaders is that the cuttings will take root any time of the year. Probably more important is the diameter of the incision.
How to Germinate and Grow a Pomegranate from Seed
1. Remove the little white pits from the rose-colored pulp that surrounds it – you can eat the pulp or wipe it off with a paper towel. Wash the seeds with water and dry them.
2. Place the paper towel on a flat surface, fold it in half, and spray with water until the paper towel is wet.
3. Place the seeds in the center of the leaves (about 6 seeds per leaf). Fold the longer side over so the paper covers the seeds, then fold the other side over. Fold the remaining sides in half to form a square.
4. Spray with water, then turn the whole thing over and spray the other side. The paper should be fairly damp, but not so wet that it will spread out when you pick it up.
5. Label the plastic bag with the name and date of the plant, place the paper bag in the bag, blow some air into the bag, and tie (or tie a knot at the top of the bag).
6. Place in a warm place out of direct sunlight for about 10 days until the seeds sprout.
7. The sprouts can be planted in pots when they are about 1 cm long. Fill small pots with growing mixture. Poke a hole in the mixture with a toothpick and insert it into the cut to sprout first. Water the soil with a seedling watering can (fine drop). Don’t let the soil dry out, but it shouldn’t flood either. Place the pot in a warm, bright place out of direct sunlight.
8. It takes about six weeks for the plants to reach a height of 10 cm. Replant them and place them in a well-lit and moderately warm place during the winter. They don’t grow much in winter; keep the soil slightly moist (but not soggy). In spring, prune new shoots to encourage branching and bushy growth, and plant in warm, sheltered locations.
If you have access to a pomegranate tree, you can propagate cuttings in the winter. The benefit is that you get an exact replica of the mother plant, so you know the quality of the fruit is the same. It will also bear fruit sooner. globaltimes-sl.org hope the above information will be available to you.