How To How to Propagate Roses

How to Propagate Roses From Stem Cuttings

Propagation of herbaceous plants is usually accomplished by rooting green stem cuttings, but this technique can also be successful on woody woody plants, including some roses. Rooting cuttings of roses and other shrubs are best for so-called “wild” or “native” purebreds, not hybrid shrubs. That’s because many hybrids are created through a grafting process that fuses branches from showy but delicate species with rootstocks from more hardy species. The result of grafting can be a spectacular plant with extraordinary root hardiness. However, this means that if you propagate a new plant from a branch cutting, it will lack the root firmness of the parent plant.

Therefore, it is best to use only stem pruning to propagate ungrafted roses, which includes many so-called bush roses.

The stem cutting method is a bit tricky for shrubs, and you should expect 25 to 50 percent of your attempts to fail. Take extra cuts to make sure you have at least some viable prospects. However, if you take cuttings from healthy rose plants and follow the correct steps to root them, your chances of developing new plants are high. Follow the article below to follow the most accurate instructions on how to grow roses from cuttings.

Before starting

Sharp pruning shears are required when taking rose cuttings. Blunts can crush the woody stem of the rose instead of forming a clean disc, which makes the cut prone to fungal rot. Also, be sure to clean the prunings before and after each cut to avoid the spread of disease.

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Be patient when growing roses from cuttings. Your new roses may take a few years to bloom, but you’ll appreciate these first flowers even more if they come from a rose bush that you propagated yourself.

1. Cuttings

Begin by starting with the 12-inch section of the new stem that has recently bloomed and cut it from the plant at a 45-degree angle. The handle should be the width of the pencil. The best rooting cuttings usually come from the sides of the shrub rather than the center.

Remove any flowers or buds from cutting stems – Any flowers or buds on cutting branches are draining energy, and you want to encourage the stem to refocus its survival energy on sending out new roots. If you’re making multiple cuttings, keep them hydrated by placing them in a container of water until you’re ready to propagate them.

2. Remove most of the leaves

Remove all but the top two pairs of leaves from the stem. Then cut off the rest of the stem just above this set of top leaves. Removing excess leaves will help the cutting redirect its energy to root production

3. Preparing the Trunk for Rooting

Using sharp pruning shears, make a fresh cut at the base of the stem just below the stem node (which usually forms a bulge of new growth). Then, cut up about 1/4 inch from the bottom of the stem and divide the stem into open sections.

>> More reference: how to grow roses.

Apply rooting hormone

While not strictly necessary, applying a rooting hormone can help your rose plants grow new roots. Rooting hormone is available in powder, liquid and gel forms – the powder version will give you the best results when used with roses. To apply, lightly moisten the split ends of rose cuttings and dip in powdered rooting hormone. Shake off the excess.

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How To How to Propagate Roses From Stem Cuttings
How To How to Propagate Roses From Stem Cuttings

4. Plant cuttings

Fill a small pot with at least 6 inches of a potting soil mix specially formulated for roses. Poke a hole in the potting soil and insert the cut stem facing down, being careful not to rub off the rooting hormone. Lightly wrap the soil around the trunk and water.

5. Cover the cut

Cover cutouts, pots, and everything loosely with plastic wrap or plastic wrap to keep soil moisture in. Be careful not to let the plastic touch any remaining leaves on the stems, as this can make them soggy and susceptible to fungal diseases. Placing a tall stake in the pot can help keep the plastic away from the leaves. The bag also needs a little ventilation to allow condensation to escape – over-tightening the bag will cause the stem to rot. Place the cut under a grow light or near a brightly lit window.

6. Monitor cutting

Keep the soil moist until roots begin to form, which usually takes about two weeks. Look for roots by gently pulling on the stem – if there is resistance, there may be roots.

Once the roots are firmly established or new leaf shoots appear along the stem, your cuttings can be transplanted into pots or into the ground. Be sure to harden new roses before planting them outside.

With the above instructions by, we hope you can successfully follow the steps that we guide. Don’t forget to follow us for more cool tips!