Grow and Care for Your Garden Croton

How to Grow and Care for Your Garden Croton

The garden croton (Codiaeum variegatum) has colorful leaves and an almost infinite number of leaf shapes. Evergreens in USDA hardiness zones 11 and 12, they are often grown outdoors as ornamental shrubs. In their natural habitat, crotons prefer moist, warm conditions with dappled light and plenty of water. These plants are hard to please indoors. Outdoor plants can reach 10 feet tall, but potted specimens tend to be much smaller, making them suitable for permanent houseplants or indoor/outdoor container plants. In general, crotons grow relatively slowly, reaching a height of less than 12 inches per growing season.

The biggest challenge when growing croton plants indoors is maintaining the ideal temperature, because if it gets too cold, they will start to lose their leaves. However, the color explosion of the croton is worth the effort. Garden Crotons can be grown at any time of the year, depending on maintaining a constant temperature of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit indoors, outdoors or in a greenhouse. Croton is poisonous to both humans and animals.

How to Propagate Garden Croton

Because healthy, happy crotons grow vigorously, you have many opportunities to reduce overgrowth, which promotes a fuller, thicker shape. Use these trimmed cuttings to propagate new plants in soil or water. That’s it:

How to Propagate Croton Plants in Soil

To propagate croton from stem cuttings, you will need a small pot, commercial potting soil, a clean pruning machine or scissors, and optional rooting hormone for each cutting you want to root.

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Step 1: Fill the container with potting soil. Water the soil to keep it moist.

Step 2: Pick a few healthy stems from the mother plant and remove for propagation. Cut stems about four inches long with three to five leaves on each stem.

Step 3: Use your finger or pencil to poke a hole a few inches deep in the moist soil of each pot. If using, dip the cut end of each cut in powdered rooting hormone. Plant each cut in the hole of each pot. Gently press the soil around the bottom of the cut.

Step 4: Place the cuttings in a warm, sunny location without cold wind. Keep the soil moist but not soggy.

Step 5: When the cuttings have grown new leaves and developed a strong root system, they can be replanted. In warm temperatures (between 70 and 80 degrees) this can take up to 4 weeks.

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How to Propagate Croton Plants in Water

Crotons can also root in water. You will need a pot or pitcher and clean pruning shears or scissors.

Step 1: Prepare your glass or jar and fill it almost completely with clean water.

Step 2: Pick a few healthy stems from the mother plant and remove for propagation. Cut stems about four inches long with three to five leaves on each stem.

Step 3: Place the cuttings in the water, making sure one side of the cuttings is submerged in the water, but the leaves are not. Place the jar with the cuttings in a warm, sunny location without drafts. Within a few weeks, you should start seeing the roots.

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Step 5: When the roots are a few inches long, plant them in a pot of fresh soil and tend to your new crotons as usual.

How to Grow and Care for Your Garden Croton
How to Grow and Care for Your Garden Croton

How to Care for Crotons

Place crotons in a sunny location such as B. east, south or west windows. If the croton does not get enough light, its new leaves will become less variegated.

Keep the soil evenly moist, but let it dry out between waterings.

If your home has low humidity, spray the leaves with water once a week or place a bowl of wet gravel near the plants.

Croton leaves are dust magnets. Lightly wipe the leaves with a damp cloth twice a month to keep them clean and dust-free.

Fertilize plants in spring and summer when they are actively growing. Don’t fertilize less or even less in autumn and winter.

New croton plants can be started from 4 to 6-inch stem cuttings. Remove the lower leaves and place the cut in a glass of water. After rooting, plant in a small pot.

Replant the plants in the spring when they have outgrown their current pots.


Crotons are generally free of pests and diseases, although they are susceptible to common houseplant pests such as mealybugs, red spiders, and scale insects.

Recommended species

“Petra” is a popular breed. It has green leaves with red, orange and yellow veins.

The green leaves of ‘Venus’ are dotted with bright gold ‘stars’.

The leaves of ‘Eleanor Roosevelt’ are thin and vary in color from burgundy to lime green. The leaves are mottled bright yellow as if they had been sprayed.

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‘Oakleaf’ has dark green or bronze oak leaf-shaped leaves with yellow, orange and red veins.
Wisdom and Wisdom

Crotons belong to the Euphorbiaceae family and are therefore related to poinsettia and cast iron plants.

With the instructions in the article above by Hope you will understand how to How to Propagate and Care for Your Garden Croton in the most specific way. Wish you all success